Central Europe Review: politics,
society and culture in Central and Eastern Europe
Vol 1, No 7, 9 August 1999

C E N T R A L   E U R O P E A N   N E W S:
News Review for the Baltic States

All the important news from Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania since 2 August 1999.

Mel Huang

This review of the week's events contains several parts. Click below to move to your area of interest:



A report from Russia's Defence and Foreign Policy Council, authored by Kremlin insider Sergei Karaganov, sheds new light on Russia's relations with the Baltics. Though heavily critical of the Baltic states in foreign and domestic policy, the report seems to suggest that Russia considers Baltic membership in NATO inevitable. Other areas indicate a desire for further normalisation, and local politicians seem optimistic.

The military exercise "Baltic Hope '99" ended in Lithuania late in the week. The peacekeeping exercises focused both on operational and logistical aspects, bringing together 2000 servicemen - mostly from Lithuania but also from Latvia and Estonia.

Return to top of page



Finance Minister Siim Kallas stated that there will be no further budgetary amendments despite the threat of a deficit. Kallas said administrative costs and spending will be cut by ministries and departments, instead of drawing up another cumbersome legislation for the small necessary cuts. According to Estonian law, the budget must be balanced each year.

A report showed that Estonia has the highest average wage and pension in the Baltics. Average wage in the first quarter was USD 290.90, up by 11.5 percent from the same period in 1998. Pensions stood at USD 110.20, up 29.5 percent from the first quarter of 1998.

Mikhail Neverovski was convicted of deportations carried out in 1949 and sentenced to four years in jail. The 79-year old former KGB agent maintained his innocence, but the court found him guilty of deporting nearly 300 individuals from the coastal city of Parnu.

Head of the Tallinn city properties department Rene Kuulmann resigned from his post, stating that as he is being targeted by an underworld group, he will travel to Spain for awhile. The last straw came when he received two wreaths offering condolences for his and his wife's death. He could still be charged for assault on account of an incident in which he severely injured a man with a broken bottle while drunk on holiday (see last week's Amber Coast).

The Centre Party faction in the Riigikogu stated that it is not necessary for Kalev Kallo to give up his parliamentary seat. (see last week's Amber Coast for all the lurid details). Kallo will make his decision known soon in Parliament.

In a related story, the daily Postimees carried a story on its front page stating that Jakko Vali, advisor to Centre Party leader Edgar Savisaar, was caught driving under the influence. If proven true - a charge Vali denies - it would be the fourth case of a Centre Party member involved in an alcohol-related scandal in a few weeks.

A scandal erupted involving the current Port of Tallinn board chairman Tarmo Ruben, when it was revealed he had a hefty loan cancelled by the failed ERA Pank just before it went under. Pressure is growing for an investigation and for Ruben to resign.

The Estonian fishing trawler Jakob Hurt was caught by Norwegian coast guards for fishing in Norway's fishing zone. The boat was released, but fines for the incursion totalled over EEK ( (Estonian kroons)1 million for the ship's owner.

Return to top of page



President Vaira Vike-Freiberga made her first visit abroad to Bosnia, taking part in the Sarajevo summit. During the summit, she stressed the need to "throw off the shackles of the past," citing her personal experience as a refugee.

En route home from Lithuania, the car of President Vike-Freiberga got into a minor crash...with a cow. The Lithuanian press has been making jokes about this one for days. Now Latvia is thinking of compensation for the expired heifer...

In an extraordinary session, the Saeima approved the negative supplemental budget. The cuts total LVL (Latvian lats) 64.4 million and projected revenues will dive by LVL 93.1 million, meaning a substantially higher deficit at year's end. At the same session, the Saeima also passed several other tax increases: a hike in the excise of fuel oils, tobacco and alcohol, as well as a rise in gambling tax. However, amendments to the pension law were the most controversial apsect passed at the session. The new regulations will gradually bring the retirement age to 62 for both men and women, and place restrictions on working pensioners. This has been greeted with a week of protests outside the government building. The opposition did manage to get more than one-third of members to sign a petition to delay the amendment's promulgation. During that time, if ten percent of the population call for a referendum, the measure will face a public vote.

Controversy is brewing, as Prime Minister Andris Skele asked Justice Minister Valdis Birkavs to work on a law concerning businessmen holding political positions. Skele is the owner of Ave Lat, which is one of the largest companies in Latvia, controlling nearly all the significant food and drink processors in the country. Skele stated that it is "impossible" that he is the only one in such a situation. Opposition politicians complained, stating that Skele will change Latvian laws to help his own business.

Recent statistics show that at USD 229.43 a month, Latvia has the lowest average wage in the Baltics, although this still represents a rise of 7.8 percent from the average Latvian wage for1998.

Return to top of page



President Valdas Adamkus also took part in the Sarajevo summit. During his speech, he offered up Lithuania's own experience in dealing with neighbours, stating that problems can be solved without "bullets and guns."

Lithuania commemorated the anniversary of the Medininkai massacre. On 31 July 1991, Soviet OMON troops stormed a border post near the town of Medininkai and killed seven border guards. President Valdas Adamkus and Prime Minister Rolandas Paksas took part in the memorial service.

The first unit of the Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant was up an running again on Tuesday after a two-month stoppage. The stoppage came in May when, due to incomplete paperwork and some technical inconsistencies, VATESI, the nuclear safety inspectors, declined to issue a new operating license for the unit .

The bombing of a boat carrying reputed underworld figure Stanislovas Narkevicius may spark off a gangland war. His boat was blown up on a nature reserve lake in the mediaeval capital of Trakai. Narkevicius is still in critical condition. This was followed by a powerful blast in Klaipeda, which seriously injured three, including two reputed figures of the underworld. Police are concerned about an escalation of underworld activities.

Jailed MP Audrius Butkevicius displayed his talent for the absurd as he called on Lithuania to develop "penal colonies," citing an existing 1971 law. After all his legal challenges in Lithuania were denied, Butkevicius is now awaiting the verdict of the European Court of Human Rights on his appeal (see the Amber Coast from 15 July for more on this strange case).

The police raided a Vilnius night club after receiving a tip-off that drugs were being sold. The raid proved to be false, and now the patrons are demanding compensation for the intrusion. Seimas members said that while activities against drug sales are good, they need to be tempered by procedure and legalities.

Return to top of page


Exchange Rates

As of 2 August 1999


Estonian kroons (EEK)

Latvian lats (LVL)

litas (LTL)

1 US dollar (USD)
1 British pound (GBP)
German mark (DEM)
Euro (EUR)


Czech koruna (CZK)
Hungarian forint (HUF)
Polish zloty (PLN)
Russian rouble (RUB)
Slovak koruna (SKK)
Slovenian tolar (SIT)
1 Est. kroon (EEK)
1 Latvian lats (LVL)
1 Lith. litas (LTL)

Return to top of


Mel Huang, 6 August 1999

News Sources

Baltic News Service (BNS)
The Baltic Times
Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty
Reuters news on Yahoo

Eesti Paevaleht

Neatkariga Rita Avize

Lietuvos Rytas
Lietuvos Aidas
Kauno Diena

Return to top of page





Homosexuality in
Central and
Eastern Europe

Gay Outlaws
in Romania

Gay Life in

A Queer Taboo

Gay Cinema:
Karoly Makk's
Egymasra nezve

David Ondricek's

Receive Central Europe Review
free via e-mail
every week.


Michael Kopanic:
Slovakia Zeroing in on the EU

Jan Culik:
Czech Revival
Has No Pulse

Gusztav Kosztolanyi:
Hungarian TV: Privatisation and scandal

Mel Huang:
The Baltic Quest
for NATO

Sam Vaknin:
Should Eastern
Europe Invest in IT?

Tomas Pecina:
The Quality of
Czech Thieves

Vaclav Pinkava:
Artistic Revolution


Belarusian Paradoxes

Becomes Boring


Baltic States

Readers' Choice:
The most popular article last week

A Shadow Serbia

Contact CER to find out more about our Virtual Internship Programme


Book Review:
A New Czech

One Third

Book Shop


Indie Music

Music Shop


Dan Puric's
Toujours L'Amour

Central European
Culture in the UK


Stop Defending
Non-existent Nations

But Our Identity Is Our Reality


Transitions Online


The Consumer

with your comments
and suggestions.

Receive Central Europe Review
free via e-mail
every week.


Copyright (c) 1999 - Central Europe Review and Internet servis, a.s.
All Rights Reserved